21 December 2004

Knowledge-based Content Navigation : http://www.ee.ucl.ac.uk/~lsacks/research/pubs/lcs115.pdf (and sSee references). TopicMaps consist of a new standardised tool developed to model and manage knowledge structures and information resources.

"Navigation - (from http://dspace.learningnetworks.org/retrieve/536/SURF+Onderwijsdagen.pdf )
-the process of determining a path to be travelled by any object through any environment" - Darken & Silbert(1993)
- is a social and frequently a collaborative process" - Hutchins (1995)
- "Everyone should be able to follow open learning pathways of their own choice, rather than being obliged to follow predetermined routes to specific destinations." - Commission of the European Communities, A
Memorandum on Lifelong Learning (2000)
- Exploiting collective learner interactions to help learners select efficient paths to reach their target from their position; "Others who went before you proceeded that way to reach the target". =Map

Navigating through e-Learning Objects : "...the learner should be directed towards reasonable selection and sequencing choices by recommending appropriate learning paths [32]. There could also be synchronization rules to specify or at least to restrict the order in which objects are available to the learners; access to objects could evolve dynamically according to the objects the learner already visited [34]. Links to objects preferred by the instructor could be presented more prominently than others." - http://opess.ie.iwi.unibe.ch/download/CLNGL03.pdf

The History of Memory Techniques Leading to Mind Maps by Tony Buzan : "When you are Mind Mapping, you are not only practising and exercising your fundamental memory powers and your information processing, networking and organising capabilities; you are also using the entire range of your cortical skills, on the way to helping you manifest your own genius!" http://www.mapitsoftware.com/english/mapit/history.htm

Maps on flags : http://www.photius.com/flags/map.html

Time Magazine (90 )references for "Mortimer Adler" : http://www.time.com/time/searchresults?search_date_range=range&searchnav=radioValue&query=Mortimer+Adler&from_month=01&from_day=01&from_year=1923&to_month=12&to_day=31&to_year=2005&x=45&y=10
"In the beginner's mind there are many possibilities. In the expert's mind there are few." - Shunryu Suzuki
"Conditions are never just right. People who delay action until all factors are favorable, do nothing." - William Feather
"What if feelings of uncertainty and confusion were only reminders that you have options, that there's no hurry, and that everything is as it should be... Would you still then feel disadvantaged? What if mistakes and failures only ever happened when your life was about to get even better than it's ever been before... Would you still call them mistakes and failures?..." - The Universe


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